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Quiral opinion

It consists of meetings to discuss with experts, representatives of media and institutions of socio world, the annual theme on which research report focuses Quiral.


Opinión Quiral 37.2: Vacunas. Derechos y deberes del ciudadano responsable
Living in society affords citizens certain individual rights, but it also demands of them obligations and duties to be carried out for the common good. We should all benefit from health security and we should all contribute to its maintenance in order to protect both individual and collective health. Recent outbreaks of preventable diseases have sparked debate over the question of whether vaccinations should be obligatory. This latest edition of Chiral Opinion draws on the experience of two experts in vaccination: Dr Joan Guix Oliver (secretary of Catalan Public Health), who emphasised the importance of the impact of vaccines on public health and drew a distinction between vaccines which only affect an individual and those which also affect collective immunity; and Dr Carlos Rodrigo Gonzalo de Liria (head of Paediatrics at Hospital Universitario Vall d’Hebron), who pointed out that vaccination is an essential activity for the health of a population and for the continuing relationship between paediatricians and said population. Their contributions, together with those of other actors present at the debate, medical professionals and journalists specialising in health matters, suggested that doctors ought to know how to explain to the general population that risks associated with a disease are always greater than those associated with inoculation. Mention was also made of citizens’ rights regarding consenting to or refusing vaccination and the duties which, in turn, are entailed concerning solidarity and contributing to the common good. Descarregar

Opinión Quiral 37.1: Vacunas. La evidencia frente a la no evidencia
The case of a child dying from diphtheria in Olot and successive outbreaks of measles in the US and Germany serve to highlight the existence of a debate on the advisability or otherwise of vaccines in different sections of society. Although within the scientific community the consensus on their usefulness is undisputed, there are several facets which deserve to be looked at more closely. Consequently, discussions are focused on their efficacy and safety, and the correct adaption of vaccination calendars. This edition of Chiral Opinion features the experience of vaccination experts Dr. Fernando A. Moraga-Llop (vice-president of the Spanish Association of Vaccinology), who provided data on the application of vaccines and the eradication of some diseases, and Dr. Magda Campins (head of the Preventative Medicine and Epidemiology at the Vall d’Hebron University Hospital), who offered reflections on the repercussions of information that is unverified or lacking scientific rigour from medical professionals. Their contributions and those from other actors attending the debate, medical professionals and journalists specialising in medical matters, highlighted the need for vaccinating the general population. Also talked about was the resurgence of anti-vaccine groups of various ideologies and interests, as a risk factor associated with the reappearance of diseases which were regarded as eradicated. Descarregar

Opinión Quiral 36.2. Ébola. Enfermedades emergentes
Both the WHO and US centres for the Control and Prevention of Diseases have identified over 100 infectious diseases that affect humans. We should also remember firstly that over the last two decades more than 30 new microorganisms have been discovered, some of which are lethal. Secondly the fact that some diseases have re-emerged after long periods of inactivity, during which they were not considered a threat to public health, with a subsequent increase in their geographical spread, epidemic activity and/or seriousness. This edition of Chiral Opinion drew on the experience in their respective fields of two epidemiological experts; Doctor Andreu Segura (head of the Área de Salud Pública of the Institut d’Estudis de la Salut, IES) and Jaume Ollé (president of the ACTMON foundation). They discussed what is meant by the term emerging diseases, the alarm that may be created by the media in the general population, and concluded that the top priority is to control epidemics in their place of origin. Their experiences and opinions, of great medical and humanistic value, were discussed at the talk with an audience of scientific journalists and professionals from the fields of sanitation and health. Descarregar

Opinión Quiral 36.1. Ébola. Aprendizaje a partir del brote de Ébola
The Ebola crisis in West Africa was of an unprecedented magnitude, not only because of the number of cases and deaths, but because of the duration of the outbreak and its socio-economic consequences. Although the West saw very few cases, they were enough to prompt the international community to finally decide to allocate resources to fight the epidemic. The debate generated by this subject was an exercise in self-criticism and analysis of the good and bad points of Catalonia and Spain’s response to Ebola. This edition of Chiral Opinion draws on the experience in their respective fields of two experts in epidemiology; Doctor Mireia Jané (deputy director of Vigilancia Epidemiológica of the Agència de Salut Pública de Catalunya) and Doctor Antoni Trilla (director of the Unidad de Evaluación, Apoyo y Prevención at Hospital Clínic). They explain how they managed the coordination of the Assistance Network and Hospital Clínic by establishing a system of epidemiological surveillance in Catalonia and activating protocol in suspected cases, and how to isolate suspected cases and who to contact. Their experiences were discussed with an audience of scientific journalists and professionals from the fields of sanitation and health at the talk. Descarregar

Opinión Quiral 35.2: Medicina regenerativa: estado actual
Regenerative medicine has opened up an unprecedented wealth of possibilities for health and research. However, at the moment researchers are at pains to stress that regenerative medicine is not a technology that is currently able to provide cures, despite the advances being made that are bringing us closer to the final aim of effective regenerative medicine. In the hopefully not too distant future, a technique known as tissue engineering will also play an important role in our understanding of health. In this edition of Chiral Opinion two expert researchers in the field of regenerative medicine, Dr Pura Muñoz-Cánoves (director of the Cellular Biology Group at the Department of Experimental Sciences and Health at the Universidad Pompeu Fabra) and Dr Ramon Gomis (director of the August Pi i Sunyer Institute of Biomedical Research - IDIBAPS in Catalan), present the results of their research into ageing, muscular dystrophy and cancer, and also into the therapy as applied to diabetes and other metabolic illnesses. Their experiences in their respective fields were discussed in front of an audience of journalists and professionals from the fields of sanitation and health at the seminar. Descarregar

Opinión Quiral 35.1. Medicina regenerativa: ¿presente o futuro?
Regenerative medicine, which aims to restore the lost functions of organs and tissue, currently offers a wide range of lines for research into future therapies. It has excited interest not only in the field of scientific research, but also in the media with reports on the technology raising hopes for new types of therapy. In the last 20 years regenerative medicine has advanced at an astounding rate, but there still remains much to be done. This edition of Chiral Opinion explores the present state of the discipline and what we may expect of it in the future. Two experts were called upon to expound on the subject, Dr Anna Veiga (director of the Cell Bank of the Barcelona Centre of Regenerative Medicine) and Dr Joan Garcia López (director of the Blood and Tissue Bank), who spoke about their experiences in the area to an audience of journalists and professionals from the fields of sanitation and health. Descarregar

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